This week, the Dominica Delegation of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) shared the results of a study done by post-graduate researcher, Claudelle Serano, aimed at “measuring and evaluating household resilience to hurricanes and its impact on food security levels in Delices, an agricultural-based community in Dominica.”
The key findings were that:
Households still recovering from hurricane shocks had a 49.4% lower Food Consumption Scores than those who perceived that they had fully recovered.
Adaptive capacity, specifically the diversity of crops grown, literacy level of the head of the household, and assets were the most important factors that positively contributed to household resilience.
Deficiencies in household resilience capacity were associated with challenges accessing basic services, infrastructure and social safety networks, before and during disaster events.
This research was hosted by IICA and supported by the Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica, through the Ministry of Blue and Green Economy, Agriculture, and National Food Security. Financial support was provided by the German Academic Exchange Service.
Chaney St. Martin, International Specialist in Water and Soil Management of IICA, said: “We observe that many development initiatives in the Caribbean focus on increasing assets. However, this research suggests that equal or more focus should be placed on improving social safety nets as a means of enhancing climate resilience in agriculture.”
“This work provides an empirical and qualitative basis for better aligning gaps in resilience to tailored interventions. Such information is crucial towards baselining, monitoring and contextualizing climate resilience according to the realities and peculiarities of our Caribbean Region,” he added.
St. Martin supervised the research along with professors Sabine Schlüter from the Institute for Environment and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), The Cologne University of Applied Sciences in Germany; Patricia Julio Miranda from Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí (UASLP), and Kent Coipel, Technical Specialist of IICA.